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LPI 201-450 : LPIC-2 test 201, Part 1 of 2, version 4.5 Exam

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Test Number : 201-450
Test Name : LPIC-2 test 201, Part 1 of 2, version 4.5
Vendor Name : LPI
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201-450 test Format | 201-450 Course Contents | 201-450 Course Outline | 201-450 test Syllabus | 201-450 test Objectives

Exam Title : LPIC-2 Linux Engineer
Exam ID : 201-450
90 mins
Questions in test : 60
Passing Score : 500 / 800
Exam Center : LPI Marketplace
Real Questions : LPI LPIC-2 Real Questions
VCE VCE exam : LPI 201-450 Certification VCE Practice Test

Topic 200: Capacity Planning
200.1 Measure and Troubleshoot Resource Usage
Weight: 6
Description: Candidates should be able to measure hardware resource and network bandwidth, identify and troubleshoot resource problems.

Key Knowledge Areas:
- Measure CPU usage
- Measure memory usage
- Measure disk I/O
- Measure network I/O
- Measure firewalling and routing throughput
- Map client bandwidth usage
- Match / correlate system symptoms with likely problems
- Estimate throughput and identify bottlenecks in a system including networking

The following is a partial list of the used files, terms and utilities:
- iostat
- netstat
- w
- top
- sar
- processes blocked on I/O
- blocks out
- vmstat
- pstree, ps
- Isof
- uptime
- swap
- blocks in

200.2 Predict Future Resource Needs
Weight: 2
Description: Candidates should be able to monitor resource usage to predict future resource needs.

Key Knowledge Areas:
- Use monitoring and measurement tools to monitor IT infrastructure usage.
- Predict capacity break point of a configuration
- Observe growth rate of capacity usage
- Graph the trend of capacity usage
- Awareness of monitoring solutions such as Icinga2, Nagios, collectd, MRTG and Cacti

The following is a partial list of the used files, terms and utilities:
- diagnose
- predict growth
- resource exhaustion

Topic 201: Linux Kernel
201.1 Kernel Components
Weight: 2
Description: Candidates should be able to utilize kernel components that are necessary to specific hardware, hardware drivers, system resources and requirements. This objective includes implementing different types of kernel images, identifying stable and development kernels and patches, as well as using kernel modules.

Key Knowledge Areas:
- Kernel 2.6.x, 3.x and 4.x documentation

Terms and Utilities:
- /usr/src/linux/
- /usr/src/linux/Documentation/
- zImage
- bzImage
- xz compression

201.2 Compiling a kernel
Weight: 3
Description: Candidates should be able to properly configure a kernel to include or disable specific features of the Linux kernel as necessary. This objective includes compiling and recompiling the Linux kernel as needed, updating and noting changes in a new kernel, creating an initrd image and installing new kernels.

Key Knowledge Areas:
- /usr/src/linux/
- Kernel Makefiles
- Kernel 2.6.x/3.x make targets
- Customize the current kernel configuration.
- Build a new kernel and appropriate kernel modules.
- Install a new kernel and any modules.
- Ensure that the boot manager can locate the new kernel and associated files.
- Module configuration files
- Use DKMS to compile kernel modules.
- Awareness of dracut

Terms and Utilities:
- mkinitrd
- mkinitramfs
- make
- make targets (all, config, xconfig, menuconfig, gconfig, oldconfig, mrproper, zImage, bzImage, modules, modules_install, rpm-pkg, binrpm-pkg, deb-pkg)
- gzip
- bzip2
- module tools
- /usr/src/linux/.config
- /lib/modules/kernel-version/
- depmod
- dkms

201.3 Kernel runtime management and troubleshooting
Weight: 4
Description: Candidates should be able to manage and/or query a 2.6.x, 3.x or 4.x kernel and its loadable modules. Candidates should be able to identify and correct common boot and run time issues. Candidates should understand device detection and management using udev. This objective includes troubleshooting udev rules.
Key Knowledge Areas: - Use command-line utilities to get information about the currently running kernel and kernel modules
- Manually load and unload kernel modules
- Determine when modules can be unloaded
- Determine what parameters a module accepts
- Configure the system to load modules by names other than their file name.
- /proc filesystem
- Content of /, /boot/ , and /lib/modules/
- Tools and utilities to analyze information about the available hardware
- udev rules

Terms and Utilities:
- /lib/modules/kernel-version/modules.dep
- module configuration files in /etc/
- /proc/sys/kernel/
- /sbin/depmod
- /sbin/rmmod
- /sbin/modinfo
- /bin/dmesg
- /sbin/lspci
- /usr/bin/lsdev
- /sbin/lsmod
- /sbin/modprobe
- /sbin/insmod
- /bin/uname
- /usr/bin/lsusb
- /etc/sysctl.conf, /etc/sysctl.d/
- /sbin/sysctl
- udevmonitor
- udevadm monitor
- /etc/udev/

Topic 202: System Startup
202.1 Customizing SysV-init system startup
Weight: 3
Description: Candidates should be able to query and modify the behaviour of system services at various targets / run levels. A thorough understanding of the systemd, SysV Init and the Linux boot process is required. This objective includes interacting with systemd targets and SysV init run levels.

Key Knowledge Areas:
- Systemd
- SysV init
- Linux Standard Base Specification (LSB)

Terms and Utilities:
- /usr/lib/systemd/
- /etc/systemd/
- /run/systemd/
- systemctl
- systemd-delta
- /etc/inittab
- /etc/init.d/
- /etc/rc.d/
- chkconfig
- update-rc.d
- init and telinit

202.2 System Recovery
Weight: 4
Description: Candidates should be able to properly manipulate a Linux system during both the boot process and during recovery mode. This objective includes using both the init utility and init-related kernel options. Candidates should be able to determine the cause of errors in loading and usage of bootloaders. GRUB version 2 and GRUB Legacy are the bootloaders of interest. Both BIOS and UEFI systems are covered.

Key Knowledge Areas:
- NVMe booting
- GRUB version 2 and Legacy
- grub shell
- boot loader start and hand off to kernel
- kernel loading
- hardware initialisation and setup
- daemon/service initialisation and setup
- Know the different boot loader install locations on a hard disk or removable device.
- Overwrite standard boot loader options and using boot loader shells.
- Use systemd rescue and emergency modes.

Terms and Utilities:
- mount
- fsck
- inittab, telinit and init with SysV init
- The contents of /boot/, /boot/grub/ and /boot/efi/
- EFI System Partition (ESP)
- grub-install
- efibootmgr
- UEFI shell
- initrd, initramfs
- Master boot record
- systemctl

202.3 Alternate Bootloaders
Weight: 2
Description: Candidates should be aware of other bootloaders and their major features.

Key Knowledge Areas:
- Understanding of PXE for both BIOS and UEFI
- Awareness of systemd-boot and U-Boot

Terms and Utilities:
- syslinux
- extlinux
- isolinux.bin
- isolinux.cfg
- isohdpfx.bin
- efiboot.img
- pxelinux.0
- pxelinux.cfg/
- uefi/shim.efi
- uefi/grubx64.efi

Topic 203: Filesystem and Devices
203.1 Operating the Linux filesystem
Weight: 4
Description: Candidates should be able to properly configure and navigate the standard Linux filesystem. This objective includes configuring and mounting various filesystem types.

Key Knowledge Areas:
- The concept of the fstab configuration
- Tools and utilities for handling swap partitions and files
- Use of UUIDs for identifying and mounting file systems
- Understanding of systemd mount units

Terms and Utilities:
- /etc/fstab
- /etc/mtab
- /proc/mounts
- mount and umount
- blkid
- sync
- swapon
- swapoff

203.2 Maintaining a Linux filesystem=>
Weight: 3
Description: Candidates should be able to properly maintain a Linux filesystem using system utilities. This objective includes manipulating standard filesystems and monitoring SMART devices.

Key Knowledge Areas:
- Tools and utilities to manipulate and ext2, ext3 and ext4
- Tools and utilities to perform basic Btrfs operations, including subvolumes and snapshots
- Tools and utilities to manipulate XFS
- Awareness of ZFS

Terms and Utilities:
- mkfs (mkfs.*)
- mkswap
- fsck (fsck.*)
- tune2fs, dumpe2fs and debugfs
- btrfs, btrfs-convert
- xfs_info, xfs_check, xfs_repair, xfsdump and xfsrestore
- smartd, smartctl

203.3 Creating and configuring filesystem options
Weight: 2
Description: Candidates should be able to configure automount filesystems using AutoFS. This objective includes configuring automount for network and device filesystems. Also included is creating filesystems for devices such as CD-ROMs and a basic feature knowledge of encrypted filesystems.

Key Knowledge Areas:
- autofs configuration files
- Understanding of automount units
- UDF and ISO9660 tools and utilities
- Awareness of other CD-ROM filesystems (HFS)
- Awareness of CD-ROM filesystem extensions (Joliet, Rock Ridge, El Torito)
- Basic feature knowledge of data encryption (dm-crypt / LUKS)

Terms and Utilities:
- /etc/auto.master
- /etc/auto.[dir]
- mkisofs
- cryptsetup

Topic 204: Advanced Storage Device Administration
204.1 Configuring RAID
Weight: 3
Description: Candidates should be able to configure and implement software RAID. This objective includes using and configuring RAID 0, 1 and 5.

Key Knowledge Areas:
- Software raid configuration files and utilities

Terms and Utilities:
- mdadm.conf
- mdadm
- /proc/mdstat
- partition type 0xFD

204.2 Adjusting Storage Device Access
Weight: 2
Description: Candidates should be able to configure kernel options to support various drives. This objective includes software tools to view & modify hard disk settings including iSCSI devices.

Key Knowledge Areas:
- Tools and utilities to configure DMA for IDE devices including ATAPI and SATA
- Tools and utilities to configure Solid State Drives including AHCI and NVMe
- Tools and utilities to manipulate or analyse system resources (e.g. interrupts)
- Awareness of sdparm command and its uses
- Tools and utilities for iSCSI
- Awareness of SAN, including relevant protocols (AoE, FCoE)

Terms and Utilities:
- hdparm, sdparm
- nvme
- tune2fs
- fstrim
- sysctl
- /dev/hd*, /dev/sd*, /dev/nvme*
- iscsiadm, scsi_id, iscsid and iscsid.conf
- WWID, WWN, LUN numbers

204.3 Logical Volume Manager
Weight: 3
Description: Candidates should be able to create and remove logical volumes, volume groups, and physical volumes. This objective includes snapshots and resizing logical volumes.

Key Knowledge Areas:
- Tools in the LVM suite
- Resizing, renaming, creating, and removing logical volumes, volume groups, and physical volumes
- Creating and maintaining snapshots
- Activating volume groups

Terms and Utilities:
- /sbin/pv*
- /sbin/lv*
- /sbin/vg*
- mount
- /dev/mapper/
- lvm.conf

Topic 205: Network Configuration
205.1 Basic networking configuration
Weight: 3
Description: Candidates should be able to configure a network device to be able to connect to a local, wired or wireless, and a wide-area network. This objective includes being able to communicate between various subnets within a single network including both IPv4 and IPv6 networks.

Key Knowledge Areas:
- Utilities to configure and manipulate ethernet network interfaces
- Configuring basic access to wireless networks

Terms and Utilities:
- ip
- ifconfig
- route
- arp
- iw
- iwconfig
- iwlist

205.2 Advanced Network Configuration and Troubleshooting
Weight: 4
Description: Candidates should be able to configure a network device to implement various network authentication schemes. This objective includes configuring a multi-homed network device and resolving communication problems.

Key Knowledge Areas:
- Utilities to manipulate routing tables
- Utilities to configure and manipulate ethernet network interfaces
- Utilities to analyze the status of the network devices
- Utilities to monitor and analyze the TCP/IP traffic

Terms and Utilities:
- ip
- ifconfig
- route
- arp
- ss
- netstat
- lsof
- ping, ping6
- nc
- tcpdump
- nmap

205.3 Troubleshooting Network Issues
Weight: 4
Description: Candidates should be able to identify and correct common network setup issues, to include knowledge of locations for basic configuration files and commands.

Key Knowledge Areas:
- Location and content of access restriction files
- Utilities to configure and manipulate ethernet network interfaces
- Utilities to manage routing tables
- Utilities to list network states.
- Utilities to gain information about the network configuration
- Methods of information about the recognized and used hardware devices
- System initialization files and their contents (SysV init process)
- Awareness of NetworkManager and its impact on network configuration

Terms and Utilities:
- ip
- ifconfig
- route
- ss
- netstat
- /etc/network/, /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/
- ping, ping6
- traceroute, traceroute6
- mtr
- hostname
- System log files such as /var/log/syslog, /var/log/messages and the systemd journal
- dmesg
- /etc/resolv.conf
- /etc/hosts
- /etc/hostname, /etc/HOSTNAME
- /etc/hosts.allow, /etc/hosts.deny

Topic 206: System Maintenance
206.1 Make and install programs from source
Weight: 2
Description: Candidates should be able to build and install an executable program from source. This objective includes being able to unpack a file of sources.

Key Knowledge Areas:
- Unpack source code using common compression and archive utilities
- Understand basics of invoking make to compile programs
- Apply parameters to a configure script
- Know where sources are stored by default

Terms and Utilities:
- /usr/src/
- gunzip
- gzip
- bzip2
- xz
- tar
- configure
- make
- uname
- install
- patch

206.2 Backup operations
Weight: 3
Description: Candidates should be able to use system tools to back up important system data.

Key Knowledge Areas:
- Knowledge about directories that have to be include in backups
- Awareness of network backup solutions such as Amanda, Bacula, Bareos and BackupPC
- Knowledge of the benefits and drawbacks of tapes, CDR, disk or other backup media
- Perform partial and manual backups.
- Verify the integrity of backup files.
- Partially or fully restore backups.
Terms and Utilities:
- /bin/sh
- dd
- tar
- /dev/st* and /dev/nst*
- mt
- rsync

206.3 Notify users on system-related issues
Weight: 1
Description: Candidates should be able to notify the users about current issues related to the system.

Key Knowledge Areas:
- Automate communication with users through logon messages
- Inform active users of system maintenance

Terms and Utilities:
- /etc/issue
- /etc/
- /etc/motd
- wall
- /sbin/shutdown
- systemctl

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LPI PDF Questions

The VueScan solution | 201-450 test dumps and Question Bank

Digital camera domestic > picture utility > Vuescan eight.1DO yourself A choose vs-logo.jpgby using MIKE PASINIEditorThe Imaging resource Digital photography publication

assessment Date: December 2004

We couldn't agree with it. With a roll of colour negatives to scan, they had been gazing their screen making an attempt as soon as again to decipher the scanner manufacturer's array of icons. They knew exactly what they wanted to do. however which click led the place made us feel like they were enjoying Myst IV, no longer scanning slides.

"Do yourself a want," they advised ourselves. Use anything whose clever design requires no cosmetics. What? They knew what. VueScan from Hamrick utility ( it's been doing favors for scanners for years now, because of the efforts of 1 guy. Ed.

WHO'S ED? | lower back to Contents

Ed realized FORTRAN on a CDC mainframe when he became 15. He worked at NASA/JPL whereas attending California Institute of technology, dabbling in the Voyager venture. He supply up his job at Boeing to work on an Atari painting application called Leonardo da Video and five years later wrote a JPEG viewer called VuePrint.

At NASA he acquired into satellite images but he'd already developed an hobby in photography, impressed by means of his father.

Legend has it he bought a Hewlett-Packard PhotoSmart scanner and changed into so upset with its software that he wrote his personal. He called it VueSmart and gave it away with VuePrint.

Then he purchased a Nikon LS-30 scanner and VueScan became born. The existing version with over one hundred,000 clients runs on Linux, Macintosh and home windows and supports over 400 flatbed and movie scanners and 109 digital camera uncooked codecs.

and the way does Ed have time to Strengthen this frequently up to date application? No telephone calls and no conferences, it is how. smart man.

ABOUT VUESCAN | back to Contents

This evaluation (illustrated at http://www.imaging-useful concentrates on film scanning because it truly is what they did, however also covers some flatbed points.

Flatbed or film, you can not buy a scanner without scanner utility. So this market is a tricky nut to crack. Your competition has an inner attitude.

For ages, anyway. then you upgrade your operating device or alternate hardware and abruptly your scanner isn't supported by the manufacturer anymore.

VueScan has been the lifesaver of the scanner world by using assisting older hardware on new structures even when the company throws in the towel. The VueScan answer has worked for pioneers on OS X with out a location to turn in addition to windows and Linux clients with out a supported driver.

SilverFast, its only real competitor, requires the brand's driver. and you've got to purchase a duplicate for each and every scanner you own. One replica of VueScan handles something hardware you throw at it. And it does it with out touching your gadget, so you can run it with some other scanning software.

those are compelling facets, however if you happen to get right down to work, the points you care about are the ones that help you handle the stressful task of scanning. VueScan, with IT8 color calibration, sixteen-bit channels and infrared cleansing support, isn't any slouch there either. but tons of its intelligence is harnessed to the computing device, not you, so you won't have to be a technical wizard to get first rate scans. it's automated color steadiness function is just one example.

There are two models of the software. The $forty nine.95 usual version gives 365 days of free enhancements. The $89.ninety five skilled edition provides limitless enhancements and assist for uncooked scans, ICC profiles and colour areas, plus IT8 colour calibration.

gadget necessities | lower back to Contents

Hamrick does not quote any certain system requirements but if you can run a scanner in your device, that you could run VueScan.

VueScan runs on windows ninety five/98/ME/NT/2K/XP with all prevalent SCSI cards. The present edition also runs on Linux and Mac OS X. there's an older edition for Mac OS 9. unencumber notes for every OS cover the leading prevalent considerations with particular hardware.

setting up | returned to Contents

installation is standard. VueScan is only one file in its personal listing. Put it where ever you desire.

The windows version installs to force C, but you can (because the installer notes) stream the folder to every other power. or not it's fully self-contained.

Of course, simplicity has its drawbacks. contemporary operating methods like to have things like profiles in a imperative region. VueScan continues every thing in its personal directory.

support | returned to Contents

A observe about aid. As a one man band, Ed's email-best stricture is a vital method. we've used a considerable number of models of VueScan through the years and went via three versions right through this evaluation. VueScan is up to date commonly. So do not interrupt Ed simply because you scent smoke.

First, be certain your scanner is supported ( 2nd, see in case your difficulty is a prevalent problem through first checking the release notes for the version that runs for your working equipment ( and secondly looking comp.periphs.scanners newsgroup. Google ( makes that handy.

If that does not aid, e-mail a problem report to Ed however encompass the entire counsel he requests on the assist page ( If there isn't a unencumber that addresses your challenge in 25 minutes, Ed likely has a cold.

attending to WORK | again to Contents

VueScan does plenty nonetheless it continues to itself. It may not scan a picture from Photoshop nevertheless it will hand one off to Photoshop by means of writing a file to disk and optionally opening it on your image editor. This is never a large deal with a multitasking working equipment.

it may possibly also do a lot of work to the photo earlier than it writes it to disk and that work can prevent an outstanding bit of time. So understanding how to fit VueScan into your workflow is a crucial first step in mastering it.

fortunately, Hamrick provides loads of counsel.

that you would be able to easily set VueScan to do batch scanning in an effort to set the correct publicity to your film (automatically putting off any mask colour) and skipping the preview. that you can scan raw files to make edits in accordance with output later.

PROFILING | lower back to Contents

but the first thing make sure you do is profile your scanner. VueScan makes this effortless by using ordinary IT8 scanner calibration ambitions. These pursuits are available at within your means expenditures online from Wolf Faust (

An IT8 target consists of a color chart and a reference file. The reference file describes the precise colour values of the accompanying color chart. When these customary values are scanned through your scanner and the output compared to the values of the reference file, the variations are written to the profile file.

to use an IT8 target with VueScan, you reproduction the goal file as scanner.it8 into the VueScan directory. then you Preview your target after telling VueScan you need to profile the scanner.

A mask outlining the IT8 goal pops up over the preview. You align the mask to the target by using dragging its corners into position. When the masks and image are aligned, you Profile the scanner. That writes a profile named scanner.icc to the VueScan listing.

you could additionally use VueScan and your scanner to profile your printer/ink/paper mixture. VueScan could make an IT8 target on your printer which you pop into your scanner and scan to profile the printer. during this case, VueScan is aware of the values of the target, so you are not looking for a reference file. It writes the profile as printer.icc within the VueScan listing.

Profiling isn't the equal as calibrating. VueScan does offer a Calibrate command in the menu bar for scanners that support calibration. Calibration compensates for uneven lighting fixtures within the scanner, varying sensor point sensitivity and the darkish latest of each and every sensor element. in brief, calibration makes an attempt to make each CCD point behave the same.

SCANNING method | back to Contents

VueScan first scans an image after which it processes the uncooked sensor statistics the scanner has captured.

The scanning step itself may involve focusing the scanner and environment the CCD exposure time, the scan enviornment, the variety of bits per pattern, the number of samples per pixel and the scan decision.

Processing is carried out for both the preview and the remaining scan and might be repeated with out rescanning in case you capture the uncooked sensor information. the 1st step in processing is the usage of any infrared data (captured with the aid of some movie scanners) to eradicate filth. A cleansing filter, which gets rid of filth spots and reduces movie grain, is then applied to the photograph. repair colour and restore fading filters are applied if enabled. Then corrections in response to film qualities are utilized. A 3x3 filter is utilized to the graphic to enhance its sharpness earlier than color correction is applied.

VueScan's inside file layout is 16-bit linear even when a scanner only supports 10-bit samples.

INTERFACE | again to Contents

Ah, the interface. They probably stand by myself here, however they love it. No, it isn't fancy. And it might probably get a bit cluttered. but its simplicity (nothing more advanced than your ordinary internet form) appeals to us. We're a bit weary of poorly designed icons that fail to assist you bear in mind what they do. A note would do.

or not it's so simple, definitely, that the user guide would not need to hotel to reveal photographs. imagine that. The Getting begun PDF, although, does (so worry now not).

The VueScan interface begins with its menu bar. instructions include File, Scanner (calibrate, eject, focal point, and so on.), Profile, photograph (zoom, rotate, flip, and so forth.) and help (which takes you to the online user e book).

but the leading interface is a dialog window divided into a left-hand pane of instructions and a appropriate-hand pane for display of the scan above a row of action buttons (Preview, Scan, retailer, etc.) with a status bar on the bottom that experiences the state of active initiatives and the photo dimensions of the saved file.

The command pane is tabbed with six alternatives: input, Crop, Filter, color, Output and Prefs. A popup alternate options menu on the backside of each tabbed command pane is the key to enabling the extra superior options.

And there are a dozen sizzling keys for standard instructions like shop, Print, quit, Scan, Abort, Eject, Zoom and Rotate.

When your mouse hovers over an alternative or button, a short description pops up to explain what the characteristic does.

The specific options displayed in any pane depend upon a few factors, including the scanner's capabilities and other settings.

that you would be able to decide to use the superior mode, the place you flip the entire switches you want or book Me mode, through which VueScan takes you step-with the aid of-step in the course of the scanning process. it's very convenient to get things incorrect, so do not be shy about the usage of e book Me mode. VueScan has loads of controls and a little assistance may not hurt.

once you've installation alternate options for a selected task, that you could retailer them to disk. Resetting them to the defaults is a menu choice, as is loading saved alternatives.

MAKING CORRECTIONS | again to Contents

VueScan displays two histograms. The excellent one is the histogram of the raw facts (considered in the Preview) and the backside one is that of the corrected data that should be saved to disk. which you could adjust the good histogram's highlight and shadow cutoffs.

with no midtone adjustment, it is valuable little handle. primarily due to the fact that that there's no curves to fiddle with either.

That made us worried, however in reality, VueScan's automated white steadiness turned out to be authentic. and since they may keep the scanner's raw output for processing in an image editor, any correction became most effective delayed, now not denied.

That goes for filtering, too. VueScan does offer some built-in filtering for infrared cleanup (on scanners that help it), restoration of colorations and fading, grain discount (none, light, medium or heavy) and sharpening (just a checkbox). Descreening (removing halftone dots) is enabled in case you set Media on the input tab to Newspaper or journal. It contains a container for the reveal price (133 lpi, as an example), too.

color correction, obtainable from the colour tab, is likewise rudimentary. The white balance settings are extensive (None, guide, neutral, Tungsten, Fluorescent, nighttime, Auto tiers, landscape and Portrait) and you'll set the clipping percent of each the black and white features. that you can also alter universal brightness, as smartly because the brightness of the pink, green and blue channels.

So, in short, you do not fiddle a whole lot with tonal or colour corrections in VueScan. You let VueScan fiddle. And it fiddles fairly smartly.

SCANNING SLIDES | again to Contents

VueScan does do some critical fidgeting with dwindled colorings. They put VueScan to the check with some 42 yr-historic Kodak Ektachrome slides that had considered better days.

We did a standard scan to uncooked so they might have the sensor statistics accessible in the buffer to reprocess without rescanning.

in the color tab they turned everything but infrared cleaning off. The photograph seemed more advantageous than they anticipated, the auto white steadiness salvaging a good deal of the image. Turning on restore shades helped. fix Fading helped a little more. These have been moderate colour shifts but they brought a long-long gone garden lower back to existence.

How about an surely overexposed slide? smartly, they had to fiddle. in the colour tab, they begun with both restore options enabled. Then they reduced general brightness reasonably somewhat to get some life back into the photo. That left it too blue.

by using appropriate-clicking the mouse, they had been able to set white stability manually. There wasn't despite the fact, a neutral spot on the photo to make use of. So they manually diminished the brightness of the blue channel to get a stunning decent restoration.

however this is the kind of work that could profit totally from a curves tool, the place which you can selectively lock in or edit highlight, midtone or shadow values for any channel. which you could, besides the fact that children, have VueScan open the raw file for your picture editor and work with curves there. That produced a more robust result for us, with out a more work.

SCANNING color NEGATIVES | back to Contents

As usual as colour negatives are, it's now not every day you find software that may deal with them (as they mentioned in their collection of colour Negatives). VueScan knows about lots of distinctive emulsions (over 200). And the consumer ebook makes it as basic because it can be to inform simply what film your negatives are so that you can tell VueScan.

Set the Media popup in the enter tab to colour negative and choose your emulsion on the colour tab (bad dealer, company and kind). The colour negative surroundings increases eco-friendly exposure time 2.5 instances and blue three.5 instances to compensate for the orange mask.

opting for the emulsion is optional, but if you do this after profiling your scanner, you're going to be delighted along with your results. Deliriously delighted.

just for enjoyable, they tried to tweak the color steadiness of just a few of these in Photoshop, however they could not make a great deal of an growth.

custom SCANNING | lower back to Contents

Auto white stability and the movie database are, just about, shortcuts. To squeeze every thing that you may out of a scan, you are going to need to account for emulsion batch and processing variables, too.

VueScan permits you to do that by way of locking the publicity on the spotlight area for slides (some white spot) or the shadow enviornment for negatives (the orange chief).

Locking the publicity on that cost will assist you to scan an entire roll of movie with most advantageous publicity values. You might also need to scroll down the enter pane to look that choice.

which you could then also lock the movie base color for color negatives, saving time when scanning a roll of film. See the superior Workflow element of the consumer e book for particulars.

PHOTOCOPYING & LINE paintings | again to Contents

now and again you just want your flatbed to behave like a photocopier. VueScan makes that primary using its copy to Printer mode. just Scan and the effect can be sent to your printer. You can also set your scanner's buttons in the Prefs pane to scan the existing web page and print the current page so it definitely behaves like a photocopier.

Scanning line paintings on a flatbed is as simple as identifying Lineart within the Media popup on the enter tab.

CONCLUSION | lower back to Contents

You can also reside happily ever after with the scanning application that got here with your scanner. but when you aren't chuffed or you are looking to learn one software that you should use with your next scanner, too, you have one query: SilverFast or VueScan?

The answer depends primarily on how you wish to work along with your scanner. we've got gotten unbelievable effects from each purposes, so they don't consider the difficulty is high-quality. it be workflow. SilverFast is able to lots of picture modifying prior to the scan from curve adjustments to unsharp protecting with spot densitometer readings to offer you precise remarks. With VueScan, you depart the tweaking to the program.

If the originals you are working with want prescan tweaking, VueScan isn't the correct device. however in follow, they preferred the results VueScan delivered and had been specifically impressed with its coping with of color negatives. after they could not make adjustments in VueScan, modifying the raw file in their picture editor did the trick. VueScan squeezed lots of information out of the scan. we'd have no quandary counting on it as their handiest scanning application.

So do yourself a want. get the demo and spot for your self.

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